F2F Class Notes (Nemo)


engineer (n):工程师 1-a person whose job is to design or build machines, engines, or electrical equipment, or things such as roads, railways, or bridges, using scientific principles:
E.g.: a mechanical/structural engineer
E.g.: a software engineer
​2-a person whose job is to repair or control machines, engines, or electrical equipment:
E.g.: a computer engineer
E.g.: The engineer is coming to repair our phone tomorrow morning.

crops (n): 作物1-(the total amount collected of) a plant such as a grain, fruit, or vegetable grown in large amounts:
E.g.: The main crops grown for export are coffee and rice.

pumpkin (n) 南瓜, a large, round vegetable with hard, yellow or orange flesh:
E.g.: pumpkin pie


scarecrow (n) 稻草人, a model of a person dressed in old clothes and put in a field of growing crops to frighten birds away
E.g.: I look like a scarecrow!
E.g.: To scare the birds away I made a scarecrow

deer (n)-鹿, a quite large animal with four legs that eats grass and leaves. The male has antlers (= wide horns like branches) . The female is called a hind or a doe and the male a stag or buck:
E.g.: a herd of deer
E.g.: Huntsmen chased the deer silently.

boar (n)-野猪, a male pig kept for breeding on a farm, or a type of wild pig
E.g.: Wild boar are numerous in the valleys.

orchard (n)果园, an area of land where fruit trees (but not orange trees or other citrus trees) are grown:
E.g.: an apple/cherry orchard
E.g.: On his right was a thriving vegetable garden and beyond it a small orchard of apple trees.

association (n)-协会, a group of people who work together in a single organization for a particular purpose:
E.g.: The Football Association
E.g.: The British Medical Association is/are campaigning for a complete ban on tobacco advertising.

fence (n)-栅栏, a structure that divides two areas of land, similar to a wall but made of wood or wire and supported with posts
E.g.: The house was surrounded by a tall, wooden fence.



Technology has come to the rescue of Japanese farmers. For thousands of years they have tried to keep animals away from their farms. However, engineers have invented the “Super Monster Wolf” to finally scare away wild animals that want to eat crops of rice, pumpkin or sweet potato. Super Monster Wolf is a solar-powered scarecrow robot that looks like a real wolf. It has lookalike wolf hair, big scary teeth and red LED eyes with infrared sensors. It also has 48 different wolf howls and other noises so animals never get used to it. Super Monster Wolf will be used to keep animals like wild boar and deer out of rice paddies, farms and fruit orchards. Farmers lose millions of dollars of crops every year to hungry animals.

Members of Japan’s agricultural association (JA) took part in trials of the Super Monster Wolf in nine locations across Japan. JA spokesman Chikao Umezawa reported that the robot wolf significantly reduced crop losses. He said it was more effective than an electric fence at keeping animals out. The robot can sense movement up to one kilometre away and immediately make its scary sounds. The robot will start being mass produced from next month. It will be 65cm long and 50cm high. The price is $4,800 but farmers will have the option of renting the wolf by the month. Japan’s farmers are hoping that this new electronic aid will finally stop wild animals eating their crops.