Online Class Notes (Nemo)


What are you up to?

What are you up to” is a very common and casual (informal) way of saying “What are you doing?” You may also hear people say “What’s up?” which has the same implication. Your answer to this should be equally casual, as most people don’t expect a long or detailed explanation of what you are doing.

I gave to my friend

i bought for

Realize (v): to understand a situation, sometimes suddenly
They didn’t realize the danger they were in.
[ + (that) ] “Do you realize (that) this is the third time you’ve forgotten?” she said angrily.
[ + question word ] I realize how difficult it’s going to be, but we must try.
As he watched the TV show, he suddenly realized (that) he’d seen it before.

Grownup/grown-up (n): an adult, used especially when talking to children
Ask a grown-up to cut the shape out for you.

Surname/last name=family name

Naive (adj): too willing to believe that someone is telling the truth, that people’s intentions in general are good, or that life is simple and fair. People are often naive because they are young and/or have not had much experience of life
She was very naive to believe that he’d stay with her.
They make the naive assumption that because it’s popular it must be good.
It was a little naive of you to think that they would listen to your suggestions.

Premature (adj): happening or done too soon, especially before the natural or suitable time
premature birth/death
a premature baby
Their criticisms seem premature considering that the results aren’t yet known.

spoiler (n): information in a newspaper article, blog, etc. that tells you what happens in a television program, which may spoil your enjoyment of it if you have not already seen it:
Spoiler alert – if you haven’t seen Sunday’s episode, stop reading now!