VIP Class Notes (Tibo) [S/W]

Homework

describe your dream retirement.

Speaking

I lived in Beijing for 3 months. for holiday. Too crowded.
I like Shanghai, I have been to Guangzhou but I think the streets is a little bit small than Shanghai. I just visited GZ for the fair.
There is an area I like it is very quiet and fresh.
Shenzhen just twice or third I think. I like the Guangdong soup.
on a working day I usually eat diet food and on the weekend I eat some Sichuan food or BBQ or Guangdong food.
Burgers and sausages and others I don’t know.

For 30 years ago work for government was a very good job.
My father worked for government, he was soldier for almost 20 years and after that he worked for government more than 10 years. So he felt very thankful.
In Shanghai it is different between shanhainese and people from other cities.
You can pay it for at least 15 years and you can chose stop to pay but you only get the pension is very small but you don’t know how long you can live. or you can pay till 60 yo for me, women is 65.

they are planning about that, but I heard many representatives don’t agree about that. They think they are not sure people can live longer.

I think needs to prepare for the retirement. One of the way is exercise and buy some funds to make money.
I think I will live in Shanghai at this moment. But I don’t want to be


I lived in Beijing for 3 months. for holidays. I felt it was too crowded./ there were too many people.
I like Shanghai, I have been to Guangzhou but I think the streets are a little bit narrower than Shanghai. I just visited GZ for the fair.
There is an area I like, it is very quiet and the air is fresh.
I went to Shenzhen just twice or three times/thriceI think. I like the soup from Guangdong.
on a working day I usually eat salad/ I am usually careful about what I eat. and on the weekend I eat some Sichuan food or BBQ or Guangdong food..
I also like burgers and sausages and others.

30 years ago working for the government was a very good job.
My father worked for government, he was a soldier/he served as a soldier for almost 20 years and after that he worked for the government more than 10 years. So he felt very thankful.
In Shanghai it is different between Shanghainese and people from other cities./outsiders
You can pay it for at least 15 years/you have to pay for at least 15 years  and then you can chose to stop paying but you only get a small pension or you can pay till you are 60 for men or 55 for women.

they are planning to do that/ to delay retirement , but I heard many representatives don’t agree with that.  They are not sure people can live longer./ they are not sure life expectancy will increase.

I think people need to prepare for retirement. One  way is to exercise/to do sport and buy some funds to make money/ and invest your money.
I think I will live in Shanghai at this moment. But I don’t want to be

Writing

As a part of minority I think there are more disadvantages than advantages. Compare with major nationality we have our own traditional culture, language. The advantages are only exhibited in our area. We get 5 extra point when we have Gaokao, and the university in our hometown, always loosens up the threshold.
One of the most horrible disadvantage is when you work for the government, Han always have more opportunities of promotion than minorities. However you work hard than them.


As a part of a minority I think there are more disadvantages than advantages. Compared with the Han majority we have our own traditional culture, language. The advantages are only exhibited in our area/advantages are only visible in our area. We get 5 extra points when we take the Gaokao, and the university in our hometown, always loosens up the threshold.
One of the most horrible/The main disadvantage is when you work for the government, Hans always have more opportunities of promotion than minorities. However you work harder than them.

Vocabulary

to invest: try to make more money with money
John decided to invest in bitcoin but the price went down and he committed suicide.

investment (n)
John bought the investment plan from the bank and made a lot of money.

retirement : period of time when you stop working
After his retirement he climbed the mountain everyday.
I plan to spend my retirement in Hainan.

to retire: stop working
My father retired 15 years ago./ my father has been retired for 15 years.

pension : money you get for retirement (usually monthly)
The more taxes you pay, the bigger the pension you will get after retirement

contract:  合同
before signing a contract you should always read the small prints.

small prints: what is written in very small letters.
You should read carefully the small prints of the coupon.

changeable (adj) : to change a lot
The price of gold is quite changeable.

to fluctuate : to move up and down
The price of gold fluctuates everyday.

employment contract : contract about under which conditions you work
Depending on your employment contract you may have to pay for a retirement fund.

to opt out: chose not to be part of the system
It is possible to op out of the retirement fund

visible: which you can see
The sun was visible from the window.

invisible: Which you cannot see
Some super heroes have the power to become invisible.
The spy wrote a message with invisible ink.

prefix: something you add at the beginning of a word.
Add the prefix in to visible and it becomes the opposite word.

minor: not that relevant
A minor part of the students failed the test.

nationality : where someone comes from.
what’s your nationality? I am Chinese.

nation : a country.

major: main
The major part of the students passed the test.

majority : main part
The majority of Chinese people are Han.

minority: small part
Korean is one of the minorities in China.
A minority of my friends are from Spain.

Humid : There is water in the air
The weather in Shanghai is humid.

Dry: with almost no water in the air
The weather in northern China usually is dry.

fois gras 鹅肝
I like to eat fois gras.

narrow: not wide
Streets in the old town are very narrow.

wide: large/big
The streets in Pudong are very wide.

humidity(n) level: % of water in the air
The humidity level in Shanghai is high.

efficient: 效率高的
Tom is very efficient at work, he can finish up to 10 reports in one day.

inefficient
Tibo is very inefficient.

efficiency (n)
The efficiency in a state owned firm is quite low.

Grammar

comparison:

short word ( less than 2 syllables) +r/er
I worked harder than Tom
Long word (2 or more) + more in front of the word
Tom worked more efficiently than me.

Pronunciation

1st: first
2nd:second
3rd:third
4th: fourth
5th:fifth