VIP Class Notes (Li)[S]

Today we focused on:

TOEFL  Speaking – Task 4

Speaking

The speaker has a problem that there is a field trip in Canada where people speak French. The student wants to go but he has no passport. So there are 2 solutions. First, write a paper about this topic but there is no field trip. The second one is he can go to the immigration to apply for the passport. I would recommend that he take the second solution because writing a paper cannot experience the trip. He can write the paper..

Revised:

The speaker has a problem that there is a field trip in Montreal, Canada where people speak French. The student wants to go but he has no passport. So there are 2 solutions. First, write a paper about this topic but there will be no field trip. The second one is he can go to the passport office to apply for the passport. I would recommend that he take the second solution because writing a paper cannot will not allow him to experience the trip. He can write the paper..


The frogs mentioned in the lecture has two features that help them to maintain water. First one is the frog’s skin has the ability to stretch to reduce the exposure in the air. The second one is their skin can lock water in their body for future use. So with these two features the frogs can live much longer than people think they would.

Revised: 

The frogs mentioned in the lecture has two features that help them to maintain water. The first one is the frog’s skin has the ability to stretch to reduce the exposure in the air. The second one is their skin can lock/trap water in their body for future use. So with these two features the frogs can live much longer than people think they would.


The familiarity principle is describing a kind of psychology activity that people will tend to choose something they’re familiar with even if they cannot recall whether they have seen it before. The professor gives us an example of an experiment where people were shown pictures. After several time, people will choose which one they like. They will choose the one they have seen before. This result will prove that the familiarity principle do work in your life.

Revised: 

The familiarity principle is describes a kind of psychology activity effect where  that people will have the tendency to choose something they’re familiar with even if they cannot recall whether they have seen it before. The professor gives us an example of an experiment where people participants were shown pictures. After several times, people will choose which one they like. They will choose the one they have seen before. This result will prove supports that the familiarity principle do works in your life.


Carrying capacity refers to the capacity of habitat to support the living animals in it. If there is nothing disrupt the habitat environment. The carrying capacity will stable. In one example, a moth called Ragwort. One year there was a climate change and the female didn’t have enough to eat. So they laid less. In the next year, they have enough to eat so the eggs laid were normal.

Revised: 

Carrying capacity refers to the capacity maximum number of that the habitat to can support the living animals in it. If there is nothing to disrupt the habitat environment, the carrying capacity will stabilise. In one example, there is a moth called Ragwort. One year, there was a climate change in climate and the female didn’t have enough to eat. So they laid less. In the next year, they have enough to eat so the eggs laid were normal.