VIP Class Notes (Li)[R]


above 0 degrees: more than zero

below 0 degrees: less than zero

paragraph: 段,段落

eg. There are 3 paragraphs on this page.

offer: ask someone if they want to have something or if they would like you to do something 提议

eg. She was offered a job in Paris.

eg. My father offered to take us to the airport.

impressive: 给人留下深刻印象的

eg. That was an impressive performance from such a young tennis player.

pressure: 压力

eg. He put too much pressure on the door handle and it broke.

delicate: easily damaged

eg. Be careful with the delicate plates.

beauty spots: 美景

eg. There are many beauty spots in this city.

spoil: 破坏;糟蹋;毁掉

eg. He tried not to let the bad news spoil his evening.

ambience: 气氛;情调;环境

eg. This restaurant has a romantic ambience.

crumbling: to break, or cause something to break, into small pieces 粉碎;(使)成碎屑

eg. The cliffs on which the houses are built are starting to crumble.

canals: 运河;渠

tidy up: to clean up

eg. Tidy up your room right now!

entry fee: payment to enter a place

eg. The entry fee is 30 yuan.

much-needed:  特别需要

eg. Your help is much-needed.

generate: to produce, to create something

eg. How much income will this project generate?

swamp (v): too much people, things at an environment 使应接不暇

eg. I’m swamped with work at the moment.

eg. Foreign cars have swamped the Chinese market.


I love holidays! There’s nothing better than jetting off to a foreign destination to visit the attractions it has on offer. Of course, I’m not alone. Millions of people are doing the same, and why not? The world has an amazing variety of must-see sights, from breathtaking natural scenery to impressive old cities. But the problem is that too many of us are visiting them at the same time, putting pressure on these delicate and ancient places.

That’s why a number of beauty spots and historic sites have been introducing charges or restrictions on the tourists who visit. There are many reasons for this: to reduce overcrowding, which can spoil the ambience of a place, to manage wear and tear on old crumbling buildings, to tidy up the mess that visitors leave behind, or – as some may suggest – creating tourist traps to make more money out of the visitors.

The famous Italian city of Venice with its picturesque canals has, for example, introduced an entry fee of up to €10 for short-stay tourists. Venetians have long complained that mass tourismis swamping the city. Now, passengers arriving by cruise ship will have to pay a ‘landing tax’ which Mayor Luigi Brugnaro says, “would generate much-needed income to keep the city clean.”


variety – va-rai-ya-tee

breathtaking – breh-f-taking

scenery – see-ner-ry

delicate – de-lee-cate

ancient – ayn-shen

tourists – tu-er-rist-ss

overcrowding – oh-ver-crow-ding