VIP Class Notes (Lily) [R]


1. crucial (adj)= important
ex: This is a crucial decision, you must think carefully.
ex: you are at a crucial stage in life, you think to think carefully if you want a baby or not.

2. determine (verb)= 决定
ex: I can’t determine if this will be a good job position for you. You have to determine this by yourself.

3. credible (adj)= 可靠的 可信的
ex: This insurance company is credible, I’ve been using it for 10 years.

4. sincere (adj)= 诚恳的
ex: He’s very sincere, he comes to the office every morning to try to persuade our manager.

5. conform (verb)= 符合 遵照
ex: I will conform to the company’s expectation.

6. throughly= from top to bottom
ex: I know this man throughly, I’ve known him for 12 years.
ex: I read the Bible throughly, I am very religious.

7. perspective= point of view 观点
ex: What’s your perspective on this matter? Do you agree with what he said?
ex: Everyone has different perspectives on this matter, we should respect them.

8. specific= 特定的
ex: I don’t need a specific type of dress, I just need to wear a dress.

9. tone (noun)= 语气 语调
ex: When I argue with my husband, he always uses a bad tone, and I will get mad at the tone.


Analyzing your situation is often difficult to separate from analyzing your audience, in fact, audience is one facet of the larger situation.

Just as readers determine the success of written communication, audiences determine the success of oral presentation. Writing or speaking is successful if the reader or listener responds the way you desire, the reader of listener is informed, persuaded, or instructed as you intend then responds the way you want with goodwill throughout.

Just as writing effectively depends on your understanding of your reader as throughly as possible, effective speaking depends your understand of your listener. You cannot speak or write effectively to people without first understanding their perspective. You must know how your audience will likely respond based on its members educational and cultural background, knowledge of the subject, technical expertise, and position in the organization.

When you analyze your audience, focus on its members’ professional as well as personal attributes, Your audience members will pay attention to some things because they belong to a specific department or class, they’ll react to other things because of their likes, dislikes and uncertainties. You have to keep both profiles in mind. Your analysis will suggest what you should say or write, what you should not say, and the tone you should use.