VIP Class Notes (Li)

Today we focused on:



fallow periods: not active or productive times

eg, Soil erosion is caused by the abandonment of fallow periods.

fallow(2): not used for growing crops; not planted

eg. The farmers are allowing several fields to lie fallow.

yield(v): to produce or provide (something, such as a plant or crop)

eg. The soil yield good crops

eg. The apple trees yielded an abundant harvest.

meadow: a flat area of land that is covered with tall grass

topsoil: the upper layer of soil in which plants have most of their roots

eg. rich, well-fertilised topsoil

compound(v): to make (something, such as an error or problem) worse: to add to (a problem)

compounded = exacerbated 

eg. He compounded his mistake by announcing it to the whole table.

compound (n): something that is formed by combining two or more parts

eg. a compound of sodium and chlorine (chemical compounds)

subsidy: money paid by a government to keep the price of a product or service low or to help a business or organisation to continue to function

eg. The city is increasing subsidies for public transit.

input(1): advice or opinions that help someone make a decision

eg. I need your input on what to have for dinner.

input (2): the process of putting something into something else

eg. The business will require a considerable input of money.

private tutor: a person who teaches someone on a one-on-one basis


My favourite teacher is history teacher – my favourite teacher is the history teacher

I like the way she explains the history lessons – I like how she explains/I like her way of explaining things

She explains it like it’s a fairy tale – She explains it like a fairy tale 

pushed to listen to her – compelled to listen to her

she talks sometimes way too much- she talks too much/she’s too talkative  

during my parent’s’ period – in my parent’s generation 

too less money – too little money