Online Class Notes (Li)[R]


neighbourhood: 小区

metropolitan: relating to a large city 大都市的

eg. a metropolitan area

controversial: causing discussion or disagreement 有争议的;引起争议的

eg. The book was very controversial.

eg. This has stirred up a lot of controversies.

tats = tattoo

dismiss: to ask someone to leave his/her job (formal) 解雇

eg. He was dismissed from his job for yelling at his boss.

breach: break the rule

eg. Many people consider her decision to be a breach of trust.

eg. This is clearly a breach of the treaty.

ban: to prevent something officially 禁止

eg. The film was banned in several countries.

commemorative: to honour an important event or person from the past

eg. Instead of tickets, they gave out commemorative coffee mugs.

2001, 2002, 2003….2009 – two thousand and one, two, three,…nine

2011, 12,13 – two thousand and 11 or twenty eleven


I went out for 3 times  – I went out 3 times 

It’s better than stay in city – It’s better than staying in the city

we grab the oranges on the mountain – we picked oranges on the mountain

they can’t came into the gate – they can’t walk past the gate 

I don’t have brave – I am not brave enough to… 


Do you have any tattoos? I don’t. I’ve never been brave enough to go under the needle. But if you do have one, you are not alone. According to a report by Experian, the number of tattoo parloursin Britain increased by 173% between 2004 and 2014. Tattoos have always been controversial – personally and culturally. Some people love them and some hate them. So, are they good or bad?

These days, one in five people in the UK has some ink – whether it’s a commemorative date, a sleeve or a full body suit. What’s responsible for this rise in popularity? “You see a lot of celebrities getting tattooed,” says Lee Clements of the British Tattoo Artist Association speaking on BBC radio. As a result, people want to copy them or it becomes a fashion thing – certain tattoos become a trend.

Employers have become more accepting of visible tats too. Last year, London’s Metropolitan Police relaxed a ban on recruiting candidates with visible body art. And earlier this year, Air New Zealand said it would end a ban on body art to allow workers to express their individuality and cultural heritage.

That said, not all employers would agree. Grace, 28, told the BBC that she had been offered jobs in sales, which were then withdrawn when employers saw her hand tattoo. “It feels like having a tattoo is not socially acceptable,” she says. “Having a tattoo does not amount to a protected characteristic,” remarks Susan Harris, legal director at the GMB union, a UK trade union. This means a person can be dismissed for having one if it breaches the employer’s dress code – except on religious grounds.


association – a-so-she-ay-shen